Laboratory of Radiochemical Research of Natural Environments and Expertise of Radioactive Materials # # 04
Head of the laboratory:
Natalia MAKOVSKAYA, Ph.D. of Biological Sciences
Tel.: +375 17 318-53-36
+375 17 358-18-47
Fax: +375 17 358-18-47
The laboratory 04 «Rehabilitation of contaminated areas» was founded in April 2000. The purpose of creation is to conduct research of physical-chemical and sorption properties for radionuclides 137Cs and 90Sr of soils, natural organic and mineral raw materials, industrial wastes and sorbents based on them for the development of methods for the rehabilitation of radioactively contaminated soils in Belarus as a result of the Chernobyl accident.
On October 16, 2017, laboratory 04 “Rehabilitation of technologically contaminated territories” was merged with laboratory 02 “Nuclear Physics and Environmental Technologies” to ensure the effective functioning of laboratory 04 “Rehabilitation of contaminated areas”.
The main directions of scientific research (fundamental and applied), projects:
1) Study of the physicochemical properties, selective sorption capacity of soils, organic and mineral substances and industrial wastes, as well as sorbents based on them for radionuclides 137Cs and 90Sr;
2) Development of various products based on natural mineral raw materials (treble, bentonite clay, sand) and industrial wastes (clay-salt slurries), including sorbents for the purification of NPP’s liquid radioactive waste of low and medium activity and matrices for the immobilization of radioactive waste, barrier materials for the safe storage and disposal of radioactive waste from NPP.
3) Development of methods for the rehabilitation of soils contaminated as a result of man-made accidents, using sorbents based on natural organic and mineral raw materials and industrial wastes, mathematical models for predicting the behavior of radionuclides 137Cs and 90Sr in environmental objects (soil, aquatic ecosystems).
4) Development of methods and technological solutions for the economically justified use of natural organic and mineral raw materials and industrial waste in various spheres.
5) Study of changes in physical-chemical properties of organic substances under the action of various sources of ionizing radiation using radiation technologies.
6) Development of scientific foundations for new technologies for protecting the environment and humans from oncogenic pollutants.
7) Carrying out scientific research in the field of forecasting and assessment of chemical general toxic and carcinogenic risk, based on the levels of pollution of natural environments, foodstuff, food raw materials and biological environment of the human body.
8 ) Scientific research in the field of ecology, analytical chemistry of carcinogens, protection of the environment and man in the operation of power plants of various capacities.
9) Experimental and theoretical studies of the formation of O, -C, -N-nitrosocompounds in foodstuff, food raw materials and environmental.
State programs and projects implemented in the unit:
State program “Energy Systems, Processes and Technologies” subprogram “Nuclear Power and Nuclear Physics”:
Task 3.3.04 Perspective nanostructured aluminosilicate sorbents based on clay-salt slurries of JSC “Belaruskali”: structural features, ion-exchange and selective properties.
Task 3.2.01 Theoretical and experimental study of the kinetics of decomposition of perfluorooctanoic acid in dilute aqueous solutions under the action of electron beam.
Task 3.2.15 Theoretical and experimental study of the kinetics of radiation-chemical synthesis of tryptophan in aqueous-alcohol solutions of indole and alanine.
Project BSFBR-RFBR-М2017 «Study of regularities of radionuclide behavior in the use of bentonite clays of the Republic of Belarus to ensure safe burial of radioactive waste».
Major achievements (developments):
Patents of the Republic of Belarus:
1) «Composition for the rehabilitation of soils contaminated with radiocesium» (patent №10909 dated 23.04.2008.).
2) «Method for fixing cesium radionuclides» (patent №11011 dated 22.05.2008.).
These inventions relate to radioecology, namely, to methods for the rehabilitation of soils contaminated with radionuclides and can be used in soil rehabilitation work.
The program-analytical spectrophotometric complex “KANAS” was designed to determine the concentration of nitrites and carcinogenic nitrosodimethylamine in foodstuff, samples of atmospheric air, soil, biological material – urine, blood.
The laboratory developed and metrologically certified methods of performing measurements in the Republic of Belarus and the Russian Federation and obtained the following certificates:
Certificate RB №460/2011 «Methodology for performing measurements of nitrite ion concentration in biological fluids using spectrophotometric method».
Certificate RB №705/2012 «Methodology for performing measurements of the nitrite ion mass concentration in surface water and drinking water by the photometric method».
Certificate RB №711/2012 «Methodology for performing measurements of the nitrite ion mass concentration in beer by the photometric method».
Certificate RF №222.0081/01.00258/2012; “Foodstuff. Determination of nitrosodimethylamine using the program-analytical spectrophotometric complex “Kanas”
Certificate RF №222.0080/01.00258/2012; “Biological objects. Determination of nitrosodimethylamine using the program-analytical spectrophotometric complex “Kanas”
Application instructions №105-0910 «The method for determining the content of nitrosodimethylamine in biological fluids» was confirmed by the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Belarus of 05.11.2011.
The institute has developed the “Technical specifications for program-analytical spectrophotometric complexes “Kanas” TS-190341033.003-2012 and registered them in the Belarusian State Institute of Standardization and Certification.
The Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology of the Russian Federation issued a certificate of approval of the type of measuring instrument: BY.С.31.005.А No. 50395. The type of measuring instrument was approved by the order №380 of the Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology of 11 April 2013. The manufacturer: State Scientific Institution “Joint Institute for Energy and Nuclear Research – Sosny” of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk, Republic of Belarus (registration No. 53192-13)
Laboratory 04 cooperates actively with organizations and institutes of Russia and other countries.
2005-2009 – it took part in the implementation of the ISTC project No. 3189 “Development of compositions and technologies for obtaining ameliorant sorbents for the rehabilitation of soils contaminated with radionuclides, and predicting the effectiveness of their application” (executors – SPA “Typhoon” (Obninsk, Russia) and NRC «Kurchatov Institute» (Russia) and SSI “JIPNR-Sosny” of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus).
2008–2010 – it took part in the implementation of the scientific project BSFBR-RFBR-М2017 “Study of the prospects for the use of mineral raw materials of the Republic of Belarus and Russia as components of anti-immigration barriers in the creation and reconstruction of radioactive waste disposal sites” (№ Х08Р-114 of 01.04.2008) joint with the Department of Radiochemistry of the Moscow State University. M.V. Lomonosov.
2010-2012 – it took part in the implementation of the ISTC project В-1809 «Complex for determination of nitrosamines” (the executor – SSI “JIPNR-Sosny” of the NAS of Belarus).
2017–2019 – it takes part in the implementation of the young scientists’ project BSFBR-RFBR-М2017 «Study of regularities of radionuclide behavior in the use of bentonite clays of the Republic of Belarus to ensure safe burial of radioactive waste» (contract № Х17РМ-031 dated 01.06.2017) joint with the Department of Radiochemistry of the Moscow State University. M.V. Lomonosov.
Perspective directions for further research are:
1) Study of sorption properties with respect to radionuclides 137Cs and 90Sr of soils, mineral and organic raw materials, industrial wastes and sorbents on their basis.
2) Development of sorbents for the purification of liquid radioactive waste from nuclear power plants and additives to matrix materials for the immobilization of radioactive waste
3) Development of barrier materials for the safe storage and disposal of radioactive waste from nuclear power plants.
4) Conducting soil monitoring in the area where NPPs are located, modeling the behavior of radionuclides in the soils of the NPP location area, predicting their contamination with radionuclides and heavy metals.
5) Development of sorbents to reduce the migration of radionuclides in aquatic environments and ecosystems in the case of radiation.
The results of the research are reflected in more than 80 scientific works: 1 monograph, articles in domestic and international scientific journals, abstracts of conference reports
1. Fuks, L. Clay-salt slimes from the JSC “Belaruskali” as potential engineering barriers in the radioactive waste repositories: sorption of Cs(I), Sr(II), Eu(III) and Am(III) / L. Fuks, I. Herdzik-Koniecko, L. Maskalchuk, T. Leontieva // International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. – 2017.
2. Kotova O.B. Sorbents of radionuclides on the basis of industrial wastes: physical and chemical properties and prospects of use/ O.B.Kotova, L.N. Maskalchuk, D.A.Shushkov, Т.Leontieva, А.А. Baklai //Herald of the Institute of Geology Komi Scientific Center of the Ural Branch of the RAS – 2017. – № 4. – p. 29–36.
3. Maskalchuk, L. N. Application of natural raw materials and industrial wastes of Belarus for radioactive waste disposal / L. N. Maskalchuk, T. G. Leontieva, A. A. Baklay, D. K. Korob // Clays in Natural and Engineered Barriers for Radioactive Waste Confinement (Clay Conference 2017): book of abstracts 7th International Conference, Sept. 24–27, 2017, Davos, Switzerland. – P. 232–233.
4. Leontieva, T. Mineral raw materials of Belarus for safe storage and disposal of radioactive waste / T. Leontieva, D. Korob, E. Prokopieu, V. Gatsko // Scientific Research Abstracts XVI International Clay Conference – ICC 2017, Granada, Spain 17–21 July 2017; Spanish Clay Society (SEA). – Vol 7. – P. 470.
5. Maskalchuk, L. Chemical and mineralogical aspects of clay-salt slimes of “Belaruskali” using for the preparation of nanostructured sorbents of radionuclides / L. Maskalchuk, A. Baklay, T. Leontieva // Procedia Chemistry. – 2016. – Vol. 21. – P. 394–400.
6. Leontieva Т. Prospects for using clay-salt slurries of “Belaruskali” for aquatic environments and ecosystems treatment from radiocesium / Т. Leontieva, L. Maskalchuk, А.Baklai // BSTU Proceedings. – 2016. – № 3: Chemistry and technology of inorganic substances – p. 74–80.
7. Maskalchuk, L.N. Modeling of Radiostrontium Migration in “Mineral Soil – Plant” System in the Performance of Liming / L.N. Maskalchuk, А.А. Baklay, T.G. Leontieva // J. Chem. Eng. Chem. Res. – 2015. – Vol. 2, № 35. – P. 521–528.
8. Maskalchuk L.N. Sorption materials based on bentonite clay of the Ostrozhanskoe deposit for the safe management of radioactive waste // L. Maskalchuk, А.Baklai, Т.Leontieva, D.Strelenko // BSTU Proceedings. – 2015. – № 3(167): Chemistry and technology of inorganic substances. – P. 70–77.
9. Makovskaya N. Diagnostic informativeness of indicators of the content change of nitrosodimethylamine in the biological environment of the body / N.Makovskaya, L.Zhigunova, L.Derzhavets// News of the NAS of Belarus. Series of Medical Sciences 2006. № 5.- p.72-74.
10. Pavlovich Е. On a new approach to environmental technologies / Е.Pavlovich, L.Zhigunova // Sakharov readings: materials of the International scientific and practical conference. Sakharov readings: environmental problems of the 21st century. Minsk, 22-23 May, 2008./ International State Environmental University A.D.Sakharov; edited by S.P.Kundas [and oth.]. – Minsk, 2008. – p.36.
11. Makovskaya N., The content of nitrosodimethylamine in the body and the possibility of its use in biomedical research / N.Makovskaya, L.Zhigunova, L.Derzhavets// Science and innovation.- 2009.- № 6.- p. 23-26.
12. Pavlovich E., Transformation of primary pollutants in atmospheric air near nuclear power plants and its impact on the population/ Е.Pavlovich, L.Zhigunova, N.Makovskaya, O.Shevtsova//«News of the NAS of Belarus», Series of physical and mathematical sciences, № 4, 2011